Indonesia belongs to one of the most volcanic and seismically active region in the world. There are 1 28 active volcanoes of which 76 had eruption in historic time. In the early time Krakatau estimated was a volcano with 2000 meters in height. The catastrophic eruption destroyed the volcano and remained 3 islands i.e. Rakata, sertung and Panjang. The renewed activity was started at Rakata, and an island of strato volcano was built up with diameter of approximately 5 mm and 800 meters high.
The next activity came into existence with the height approximately 456 and 120 meters above sea level. The 3 summits of Rakata, Danan & Perbuatan was erupted and leaving a piece of small part of Rakata in 1883. The explosion causing tremors and was heard as far as Singapore and Australia continent. Everything around volcano was washed by enormous waves. As much as 4 cubic miles volcanic ash was blown in to the atmosphere. In 1927 the new activity was occurred and then Anak Krakatau existed in to being.
Now Anak Krakatau has reached 250 meters above sea level. Anak Krakatau still active with its gush of steam and smoke, make it spectacular view. Krakatau is reachable in three hours by boat from Canti, a fishing village near Kalianda, South Lampung. Krakatau festival annual event is held at the end of August. The festival is held to commemorate Krakatau's eruption.
Krakatau Dive Site
KARANG SERANG ROCKS
These rocks, painted white by the sea birds, mark the site of a dive off Anak Krakatau. The underwater scenery consists of large blocks of volcanic rock, seemingly sheered off by the blast. The cracked and sharp-edged rocks make a west-facing submarine cliff look like the ruin of ancient Greek temple. In the crevices of the rock, coral growth is beginning. School of Moorish Idols and other reef fish inhabit the area, and one occasionally sees reef white tip sharks. The bright colors of emperor angelfish stand out starkly against the background of dark rock. On the south end of the site, the slab scenery is interrupted by growth of staghorn and table Acropora, some with blue-tinted tips. Around the rocks to the east grow an astonishing number of orange fan coral gorgonians. Back to top
This site off the southeast end of Rakata, offers a nice drift dive. The steep spides of the island prevent access. The depths here are modest, to just 25 meters, and the gentle current carries you east. The underwater scenery is agin slabs of volcanic rock. A decent variety of small reefs fish populates the shallower depths where some of the crevices have been claimed by moray eels. Green turtles are numerous at this site. In the 19th century, before it exploded, Krakatau Island was a common stop for sailors, who loaded up on turtles. An unusual feature of this dive is the many underwater trees, which have been cast from the island cliffs by landslides. These attract large schools of fusiliers and jacks. Back to top
Rakata dive site
Ujung Kulon National Park, located at the South Westerr end of the Sunda Straits, protects one of the last extensive remaining areas of lowland rain forest in Java and is of special importance for the conservation of lava rhinoceros. In addition, the coastal coral reef environment ranks among the richest in Indonesia. The point-to-point ocean boundary encloses Ujung Kulon Peninsula and the offshore islands of Handeuleum Island and Peucang Island, whilst the island of Panaitan is separated by the 10 km wide Panaitan Straits. The eastern boundary follows contours along the eastern foothills of the Gunung Honje massif.
In 1 937, the Island of Panaitan/Peucang Nature Reserve was established. Then in 1958, the established of Ujung Kulon Nature Reserve and Gunung Honje Nature Reserve in 1967. Continues to 1980, the nature reserves of Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Panaitan Island, South Gunung Honje, North Gunung Honje and the Krakatau Islands were declared a Proposed National Park. On 1 February 1992, the Proposed IJjung Kulon National Park complex was declared a World Heritage Site following inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List in December 1991.
Ujung Kulon Dive Site
THE LIGHT HOUSE
Tanjung Layar lighthouse on the tip of Ujung Kulon is the landmark for triangulating a rocky dive location off the west point of the Peninsula. Beneath the surface the sea is calm. The visibility is quite good around 20 meters. Coral is scarce, but in the underwater valleys there were large barracuda, school of fusiliers and others mediumtiized fish and platoons of bumphead parrotfish. You may also see turtles circling the submerged rocks and a fat, nosey reef whitetip shark. Back to top
This small island is not very far from Peucang Island. Here, shallow dive is tunnels in the rock that lead to caves in the island. Visibility is 20 meters. The surge is quite strong. This site makes a fine night dive. Back to top
This site is on the rocks off large Penietan Island's Karang Jajar Cape. It is an hour by boat from Peucang harbor. Drift dives offer a good and very colorful growth of coral. You may see turtles and too many stingrays to count. Back to top
During VOC times, these islands were used by the Dutch. Relatively close to Jakarta and keeps some historical interest. Pulau Onrust lies just offshore only half an hour from Aneol Marina by ferry. In this island, Batavia Founder JP. Coen marshaled his forces for the final assault on Jayakarta in 1 61 9. A shipyard was later built here-which included a small fort, hospital, church and artillery store-and Dutch vessels put in for repairs after the long haul from Europe.
Kelor, Kahyangan, and Damar were also used by the Dutch. These 3 islands also have historic VOC maritime links. Bidadari island (Heavenly Nymph island), it was a fort and a lepers hospital, and now its been turned into a resort with bungalows and restaurants. The Ducth Governor General Camphuis was one of the earliest residents of Jakarta to appreciate these islands. In 1 685, he constructed a Japanese-style villa on Damar Island amidst gardens stocked with rare animals and vegetation.
Kotok and Gosonglaga Island offer many diving possibilities with wooden shipwrecks and excellent coral cover. Transportation here varies from fisherman motorboats, inter-islands shuttles, to large cabin cruisers. The nearest islands are just 10 minutes from the shore. You can find international standard accommodations on the islands of Putri, Pelangi, Sepa, Pantara, Matahari, and Kotok which sits on the westernmost tip and has the best coral growth.
Thousand Island Dive Sites
Pulau Seribu or the Thousand Islands
This is an oblong island oriented along a northsouth axis. A few people live here. There is an interesting reef off the western side of Piniki. The reef starts at 5 meters, and its best coral growth at around 20 meters. At the southwest point is the wreck of a 20-meters wooden cargo ship. Schools of barracuda, batfish, large parrotfish and moray eels have made the wreck their home. Here you may also find a particular number of anemones and anemone fish. Back to top
PAPA THEO ISLAND
Formerly called Pulau Tondan Timur Island, this island was renamed when the Papa Theo, a cargo vessel, sank on the reef here in 1982. The vessel about 20 meters long now rests with its port side facing the reef. It is a simple wreck dive with lots of marine life and occasional shark in the deeper waters at the stern end. There are parrots, some resident groupers, many morays and a particular abundance of stingrays. The north reefs is often chosen for night dives. Back to top
This small island is one of the best diving sites in Thousands Islands. The good reef begins due west of the island and there is a small bit of reef at the north tip. Excellent coral growth provides the backdrop for a good drift dive in 8-20 meters depth. Low tide exposes a wide expanse of reef flat, and at high tide; the island shrinks dramatically with only a sand bank showing. Back to top
This island provides a very good reef extend from the west around to the north, and along the south of the island. The best diving is at 8-12 meters where you can find lobster up to 30 centimeters long. The reef is also home to a great numbar of moral eels. Back to top
This island sits on the western edge of the Thousand Islands groups and thus offers as diving. Kotok Island is the best in the island for snorkeling and off-the beach diving. The west, north and east part are good at 20 meters depth. This island faces the open sea, thus make it the best palce to see schools of sweetlips, turtles and sharks. Small manta rays have been seen here. The area is abundant in gorgonians and soft corals. Back to top
A 27-islands archipelago in the Java Sea and around 85 km from the mainland town of Jepara. Reefs in Karimunjawa are primarily fringing and patch with good coral growth and marine life. Five of these islands are domestically inhabited and together with 22 others form four major zones; Zone I is the core sanctuary area and is out of bounds to all, Zone 2 is the wilderness area open to limited tourism, Zone 3 is the utilization area, Zone 4 is the buffer zone There are also wrecks here at the islands of Batu Kunci, Karang Kapal, Karang Ketel, and Balulawang.
As a recognized dive site, the island of Karimunjawa in Central Java is one of which that missed, with the potential of the white sands, big wreck dive site, and shark population, it is actually time the site to be more opened for public.
Another great attraction is the shark reserve that you could enjoy beside diving and enjoying the tire whitesand beach. You could see up to six different types of sharks in the reserve currently.
Karimunjawa Dive Sites
Karimunjawa Dive Sites
The island of Menyawakan has been declared a national marine park and are protected. Diving varies from fringing reefs, atolls and wrecks, a good variety of species can be found including some rarest ones such as Crocodile fish and Leafy dy Scorpion fish. Drift diving is popular here os currents are often strong. There is also a small work to be found. Menyawakan island has much to offer to all sorts of divers, from novice to very experienced. Whale Sharks are being spotted all year round and recently one lucky group of divers had very close encounters with them on different locations on each of their three dives during one day. Back to top
THE WRECK OF MITRA
The Wreck of Mitra an Indonesian Pinisi freighter, which was put up on the reef by the Captain, who tried to save the cargo. Unfortunately for him, it sanks immediately. See it for yourselves. As one of divers once said after an early dive there: Even Steven Spielberg could not have done it better! Back to top
THE WRECK OF BIBLIS
One of the few wrecks in the world, which still has it huge bronze propeller intact. This wreck has been on the ocean floor for many years, so the coral life is amazing. Several big groupers are nearly always spotted on this wreck. Possibility to penetrate for trained wreck divers. Back to top
Is a very big submerged reef, where we from time to time find new dropoffs. This reef is so big, that there is still much to be explored. This dive site is home to very big Bumphead Parrotfish, and the occasional white tip reef shark. Back to top
An exciting dive site, with spectacular coral cover, which exceeds more than 250 different species, plentiful Batfish and the wrecks of two ships! One of the wrecks is a Pelni ferry, which sunk in the 50's. You will also see schooling barracudas, Skipjack Tuna, Hawksbill turtles, Lobsters and Giant dams. Usually a strong current sweeps this reef, giving you an exciting ride all the way around it. Back to top
This dive site is named after one of frequent diver guests. It was discovered mid/late 2000. The quality and variety of corals are extremely good, so good that one group of divers did three dives an this site in one day, and it was the first site they wanted to visit when they returned to the resort again. Back to top
Conveniently located on our own island of Menyawakan, this spot gives you the opportunity to come face to face with Hawksbill turtles and quite often Octopus too. Usually Crocodile fishes and Scorpion fishes are seen on your smooth drift back to the Resorts jetty. Back to top
THE WRECK OF INDONUR
The Wreck of Indonur Dutch steam shipwent down in 1963. A huge warehouse was on fire on the beach, ft was mistaken for the lights of Semarang, and the captain went full speed up on the reef. Come and see 6 cm thick steel plates, torn apart like paper. Large riveted steam boilers. Great fish and coral life on the wreck is growing bigger and bigger each year. Excellent night dives on this wreck when you will have a chance to see Arrow crabs, Soft coral crabs and numerous other macro critters. Back to top
One of most remote diving but well worth the boat trip is one of the highlights of the archipelago. The exceptionally healthy Torpeo eef has remnants of torpedoes and grenades scattered across the ocean floor. Beside the torpedoes and the grenades, the reef has good variety of pelagic and the blooming soft corals are nothing less than fantastic! Back to top