Manokwari West Papua
West Papua was named The Lost World by some explorers and sociologists. It is not exaggerating, when so many people have worked with their computer, some of the tribes in Papua have just ended the prehistoric era.
West Papua includes Kepala Burung “bird’s head-look-alike” region and several islands around it. The Northern border of this province is Pacific Ocean, western border is North Maluku and Maluku Province, eastern border is Cendrawasih Bay, southern border is Seram Sea and south-eastern border is Papua Province.
This province has extraordinary resources such as agriculture, mining, forest and tourism. Pearl and sea weed are produced in Raja Ampat District, and ikat woven named as Timor Cloth, the only traditional industry is this area is produced in South Sorong District. Nutmeg syrup can be found in Fak-Fak District, and there are still so many more potential haven’t been mentioned.
Eco-tourism is also becoming one of the strongholds of West Papua Province because there are plenty of natural tourism objects there. Cendrawasih Bay National Park which is located in Wondama Bay District is one of it. This National Park expands from Kwatisore Peninsula in the east to Rumperbon Island in the north with 500 km-long coast line, 68,200 hectares of land, 1,385,300 hectares of sea consisting of 80,000 hectares coral reef area and 12,400 hectares waters.
In this National Park, we can find 2,000 meters-vertical-cave which is assumed to be the deepest cave in the world, deeper than Lamprechtsofen-Vogelshact in Austria (1,610 m), and Jean Bernard Réseau in France (1,602 m).
Unique Flavour of West Papua
West Papua is the best specificinterest tourism in the world. It is the best because it is still dense with forest and its waters have not been touched by so many people.
Besides such deep cave in the world, there is also a cave where dozen type of bat breed in Arfak Mountain Nature Reserve Area. This cave, with 900 m long, was found by World Wildlife Foundation (WWF) team. Arfak Mountain Nature Reserve located in some 65,300 hectares-wide land and a place of the first biology collection in Papua Land that was developed by European researcher, Lesson, Beccari and Albertis in 18241827 and 1872-1875. This region is the origin of a number of mammals, birds and plants that have been the objects of research by international and national scientists. Those species are unique and can only be found in Arfak Mountain. Six types of birdlike wing butterflies (Ornithoptera Rothschildi) are among those interesting species found in this area.
So many people simply do not know the Tagor Falls whereabouts. We can pick one of so many routes available to go there, such as the road along the riverside that used to be utilized by logging company. This used to be-logging company road is covered with bushes so four-wheel vehicles could not pass it anymore.
To Tagor Falls from this district capital city we have to go 27 km-long road through the ex- logging company road. If we go there through the river, we need approximately 6 hours to get there. For those adventurous people, walk along the river is challenging. You need to pass those big rocks. It is a kind of risky attempt as it is so easy to fall from those slippery rocks.
Patimburaq Old Mosque
Old Mosque in Patimburak Kampong is called Patimburak Old Mosque by the people there. According to the historical note, this mosque was established 200 years ago, the oldest mosque in Fak-Fak District. This firm old building still function as a Mosque was build in 1870 by an Imam named Abuhari Kilian. During Japanese occupation, this Mosque was hit by Japanese army bomb. We still could see the bullet hole on the mosque pillar, remains of that event.
Tapurarang Ancient Site
Tapurarang Ancient Site
Rock painting from pre-historic era could be found in Andamata, Kokas District, and Fak-Fak District. Local people call this steep rock slope—w here the rock painting located— Tapurarang. pre-historic remains around Kokas could be found in Andamata, Fior, Forir, Darembang and Goras.
Cendrawasih Bay Dive Site
Cendrawasih Bay is the largest marine national park in Indonesia. Located off the northwest tip of Bird’s Head Peninsula.
Venue Island is one of the small islands around southern Buruway District. The area of this island approximately only 15 ha area. It has beautiful white sand beach and beautiful coral reef. This area is the nesting ground of Belimbing turtle and Maleo bird, and the other endemic and migrant animals to this island.
It is located in Kaimana District, West Papua. This area is known with its beautiful under water scenery and its cultural heritage. To be in this island, needs 3 hours journey with long boat from Port Kaimana and 1.5 hours with speedboat. There are 959 species of fi sh and 471 types of coral. Sixteen types of those coral species are newly found. Coral reefs are the natural beauty of Triton Bay. Tourists could easily see whales searching for food there.
Kakatop Beach is part of Mangrove Island group. It is located 10 km from Aimas or 30 km from the center of Sorong City. Tourists could enjoy such a beautiful archipelagic view from there. It is an ideal place for family recreation. Being not so remote makes this beach the best location to enjoy sunset.
Um Beach is located 45 km from Sorong City, and could be reached in 2-3 hours journey. Around the beach, live and breed thousands of bats and sea hawks. If you love diving, this island could spoil you with vary coral fi sh, turtle, lola, teripang, lobster, and beautiful corals. Thousands of bats make this island as their habitat. Herd of bats hang on trees during the days, and fl y from tree to tree at night. You could enjoy this scenery, watching them fl y from one tree to another tree.
Tanjung Kasuari Beach
Tanjung Kasuari Beach is the closest beach from Sorong. It is a soft sand beach with clear water and calm sea wave, suitable for family recreation. That’s why it’s been regularly visited by tourist each day. Though it’s been visited regularly, its ecology is still well preserved thanks to mangrove forest around the beach. Since it is well preserved, fi shermen from Sorong often collect fi sh seeds here, and grow it in fi sh pond area.
Raja Ampat Archipelagic Waters
No diving is needed to enjoy the beauty of Raja Ampat area. With your bare eyes you can see the beautiful blue, green and white scenery. Those colours emerge as an effect of coral reefs that spread on the bottom of the sea, both the deep and the shallow one. Coral Reefs in Raja Ampat are considered as the most complete in the world. From 537 type of world coral, 75% located in this area. 1,104 species of fi sh, 669 types of mollusk, and 537 coral animal species was found here. This coral reefs quality is the best in the world.
In preserving the marine biota, the people living in Raja Ampat put culture (they call it ‘sasi’) in the highest place passing down generation to generation. For them the sasi culture is a regulation that forbids the activity of catching fish or other sea-related potentials in the waters agreed upon. The people also respect this sasi tradition that allows fish to grow which is the saving of the fishermen for the future. This tradition involves diverse interesting activities. People get together and perform traditional music, dance together and enjoy traditional meals like mumu, a kind of chicken dish (ayam barapan), and sago porridge (papeda).
“Sasi” is a local wisdom owned by the Papuans where both the sea and land are temporarily closed for a period of time. The objective of this custom is to allow the nature to regenerate.
Loka Budaya Museum
Loka Budaya Museum has 1,300 collections that were once owned by Michael Rockefeller, son of New York Governor. Michael Rockefeller came to Papua in 1961 when he was only23 years old. At fi rst, his purpose of going there was to make a fi lm titled “The Dead Bird”. Later, he got interested on Asmat’s sculptures and he intended to bring and exhibit them in Museum of Primitive Art, New York, USA. But, his journey ended there. In a treacherous weather his boat sank and he died. Those sculptures that he collected were kept in Papua. In 1974 this Museum was established as a place for Rockefeller’s collection. Part of the collection has been displayed in various exhibitions around Indonesia.
Papua Province State museum
Papua Province Museum was built in 1981 and was used as museum in 1983, but it was made offi cial as a museum in 1990. This museum, located in Waena, has sculptures, clothes, boat, and other historical inheritance from all over Papua, including Dutch colonial legacy things as its collection.
Next to this museum is Cultural Park consist of Adat House representing nine districts in Papua. Total collections of this museum are 3,447 items covering geology, biology, ethnography, archeology, history, numismatic and physiology materials, ceramics, fi ne art, human profi le, maps and diorama.
West Papua’s unique food, also the other parts of Papua, is made of sago. One of them is papeda. Papeda is a signifi cant source of protein, more than that of wheat. Papeda is usually consumed with fi sh soup or other kind of soup.
People in West Papua enjoy it in the accompany of garopa fish clear sauce or yellow sauce— similar to pindang patin with green tomatoes, chilli, shallot, lemon grass, galanga and basil. The way to eat that is pour the dish with garopa fish sauce and then scoop papeda with spoon to that dish. After mix with sauce, papeda will be easy to scoop and be eaten.
There is also kangkung cah bunga pepaya ‘kind of sautéed vegetables’ and taro. The fresh taste from sautéed vegetables compensates the flat taste of boiled taro. Usually sautéed vegetables come with roasted rice—rice that is cooked inside a bamboo. As a dessert, you can try saraba, a beverage made from ginger and brown sugar (coconut sugar made from areca palm). This kind of saraba is different from Makassar saraba. Its coconut milk is substituted with condensed milk.