Tourism of Palangkaraya Central Kalimantan
Central Kalimantan is the biggest province on the island, covering 153,800 square kilometers, most of which is jungle. The northern area is mountainous and difficult to reach, the central dense tropical forest and the south swampy with many rivers. The three Dayak sub-tribes who inhabit this province are the Ngaju, Ot Danum, and Ma’anyan Ot Siang. The Ngaju people are nomadic, adhering to old Kaharingan religion, a form of ancestor worship combined with elements of animism. With an approximate population of 6,000, the Ot Danum is the largest among the three sub-tribes.
The Ot Danums live in longhouses which sometimes have as many as 50 rooms. The women are known for their skill in plaiting rattan, palm leaves, and bamboo. Like other Dayaks, the men are good hunters, using only simple hunting tools. The art of Central Kalimantan clearly bear the marks of the Kaharingan religion, the traditional belief of the Dayaks in the hinterland of Central Kalimantan. Building styles, statues and carvings have been influenced by the Chinese, and Hindu-Javanese. Aside from their aesthetic value, many objects are appreciated for their magical properties.
Palangkaraya can easily be reached from Jakarta, Banjarmasin, Samarinda, Balikpapan and other points on the island by air. The town is the center of government, trade and education of the province. The Regional Museum of Palangkaraya contains a collection of historical and cultural interest from all over Central Kalimantan.
Kuala Kapuas is located on the Kapuas River, 40 kilometers from Banjarmasin. A well-known tourist attraction is Telo Island, a pleasant fishing village and port. For the more adventurous, white water rafting aficionados and nature lovers, there is the Gohong Rawai, known for its beautiful and challenging rapids. The gold mines of Taweh and Batu Api in Rungan District are also worth visiting. In this region, gold mining is a major source of livelihood for the people, who pan for the valuable metal using old traditional techniques.
Along the Sampit River, this town is the largest timber port of Kalimantan and even in Indonesia. The wood industry will show all it's and will be a perfect stop for visitors. By the seaside, Pendaran Beach is a unique park where you can see the river merged With the sea. The natural forest or Pembuangan Hulu is famous for its several varieties of orchids. Also the hunting park of Kotawaringin Barat Will be an interesting Stop for those who like to hunt.
The ancient Palace of Pangkalan Bun, which is more than 200 years is made of ulin (iron wood). it is the last Banjar royal legacy of Central Kalimantan. It is a busy city that will still welcome you for a stop during your trip. The 300 years old Mosque of Kyai Gede is located in the Kotawaringin area. The famous National Park of Tanjung Putting will show its amazing primates wildlife and Orang Utan Rehabilitation Center supported by the WWF.
Tanjung Puting National Park
Initially Tanjung Puting National Park was a wildlife conservation stipulated by the Dutch Colonial Administration in 1936/1937. This park is 305,000 hectares plot of land which is preserved for the conservation of orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) and Nasalis larvatus or locally known as bekantan, a monkey species.
This particular national park has a number of ecosystem types: lowland tropical forest, dry land forest, freshwater marsh water forest, peat marsh forest, mangrove forest, coastal forest and secondary forest.
Tanjung Puting National Park is inhabited by about 38 mammal species; seven of them are primates that are quite popular and preserved such as orangutan, bekantan, Javan silvery gibbon (Hylobrtes moloch) and honey bear. Big mammal species like various deer species, mouse deer and wild boar are quite likely to be found in this area. Even a number of water mammal species such as Dugong dugong and dolphins are reported as being seen in the waters in the vicinity of this national park.
Some species of reptiles are also found in this area, it includes among others sinyong supit crocodile, estuary crocodile and bidawang. Birds can also be found; there are more than 200 species of birds live in this natural conservation. One of them is milky stork (Mycteria cinerea) which is one of the 20 most endangered bird species in the world. Tanjung Puting is one of the places where can be found all kinds of colonies for the great alba species such as Egreta alba, Arhinga melanogaser and Ardea purpurea.
Tourists who are so attracted to this park can have a tour accompanied by a guide. From the provincial capital city of the Central Kalimantan, tourists head for Pangkalan Bun by plane. Upon arriving at Pangkalan Bun, they can rent a taxi to go to Kumai, West Kotawaringin. Then they can ride on a motorboat locally called klotok for about 30 minutes to an hour and half depending on which gate you choose to enter the park.
In Tanjung Puting National Park, tourists can spend the night at the guest compound of the national park in the camping ground with tents or sleeping on the rental klotok.